“Caffè lungo” is obtained by draining more water than usual. A long coffee, although it is less dense, contains more caffeine than an espresso. The long coffee is regarded as normal coffee in the United States and in central and northern Europe. So, if you want to dilute the caffeine in your espresso, ask for “an americano”.
“Cappuccino”: is an Italian coffee drink that is traditionally prepared with espresso, hot milk and steamed-milk foam in a big cup. Cappuccino is a breakfast drink, so if you order a cappuccino after 11 am, people will frown at you (don’t worry, they’ll still serve you).
“Caffè macchiato”: in Italian macchia means stain, so “un caffè macchiato” is an espresso with a “stain” of milk.
“Latte macchiato”: a big cup of milk with a “stain” of coffee.
“Marocchino”: an espresso with a “stain” of milk and cocoa.
In the summertime you can ask for a “caffè shakerato”: a shot of espresso, lightly sweetened and shaken with ice.
In the words of Joyce Falcone of The Italian Concierge: “You pay before or after but it depends”.Sometimes you need to pay before, then present the receipt to the barista; but sometimes you can enjoy your coffee at the bar and tell the cashier what you had. “The only way to know for sure is to watch the other customers”.
Experience with Romefoodventures by www.vaticantoursinc.com